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Teacher's Resources


Anasazi: The Anasazi were pre-historic peoples who inhabited the American Southwest from 100 - 1300 CE, living in villages and dependant upon farming and hunting. They disappeared as a dominant culture at the end of the 1200's, and the survivors evolved into the Pueblo cultures.

Apache: The Apache have Athapaskan ancestry, having migrated long ago from Northern Canada. With the aid of the horse, Apache tribes roamed over a large area of land which extended from Oklahoma to Colorado to Mexico, moving between buffalo-hunting on the Plains to small game hunting in the mountains.

Hopi: The Hopi, whose name means "peaceful ones", live in the western regions of the Southwest area. Theirs are the longest continually inhabited communities in North America.

Navajo: The Navajo have Athapaskan ancestry, having migrated long ago from Northern Canada. Once a part of the Apache groups, they lived by hunting, but when game was scarce, they raided the farming Pueblo settlements for food. The Navajo gradually adapted to herding after the Spaniards introduced sheep and goats 250 years ago.

Pigment: A natural colouring matter of plant tissue or mineral which was applied by the First Nations of the American Southwest to hide to colour it. White was obtained from clay, red from iron mineral, black from charcoal, turquoise from ground turquoise stone, and yellow from ochre or the root of the algerita.

Pueblo: Pueblo means "village" in Spanish, and refers to both the villages and the people. The Pueblo peoples include the Zuni, Hopi, Acoma, Laguna, Santa Clara, Taos, and others, who live near the Rio Grande River in New Mexico, and Arizona.

Shard: A broken piece of pottery or glass.

Yucca: American white-flowered shrub with flat, swordlike leaves.

Zuni: The Zuni, whose name means "people of the town" established their villages on high, flat-topped mesas, and are descendants of the Anasazi.